LO: Students will explore the survival skills of Native Americans from the Eastern Woodlands, The Great Plains, Southwest Desert, and Northwest Coast. Students will explore shelter, food, clothing, and culture of the four regions.  Students will work in teams to create a PowerPoint presentation demonstrating an understanding of how environment affects the culture and lifestyle of Native American tribes.

 

Introduction Task Team Process Steps Assessment Internet Sources

 

Introduction:

How do you survive a rainy day or a snow storm? What would you do if you ran out of your favorite snack or milk for your cereal? What would happen if the roof of your house blew off during a wind storm? What would happen if your favorite sweater shrunk in the wash? The answers to these questions are simple in today's world. But what if the only tool or resource available to you was your mind. Are you a survivor? 

Native Americans were the original survivors. Without television, computers and video games, they found ways to entertain each other. Without grocery stores, they hunted, farmed or fished for their meals. Depending on the climate of their location, they created shelters. Without malls and stores, clothing was created by hand from materials in their environment. Native Americans developed their shelters, clothing and food using their intelligence and hard work.

 

The United States differs in climate and environment in different regions of the country. Native Americans needed different shelters, clothing, and food to survive in different regions. Different regions had different cultures. The Eastern Woodlands, the Great Plains, the Southwest Dessert, and the Northwest Coast all survived very different climates and environments.

 

Your Task:

Your task with your team is to travel back in time and learn how to be a survivor. You and your team have been assigned to travel back to a specific region. You will observe the climate and environment of your assigned region. You will be asked to share facts about the shelter, clothing, food and culture of the Native Americans who lived in your assigned region. Upon your return to the present day and location, you will need to report through a power point presentation on the survival skills of Native Americans, focusing particularly on how the environment helped determine the way of life.

Team Assignments

Team 1: Eastern Woodlands  

Team 2: The Great Plains  

Team 3: Southwest Desert  

Team 4: Northwest Coast  

 

Each team is responsible for gathering information on the following key areas for their region:

1. Climate and Environment

2. Shelter

3. Clothing

4. Food

5. Culture

 

Key questions to answer are:

 

Team Process Steps:

1.  Gather data from the Internet (see links provided) and books (school library time will be used).

2.  Create a graphic organizer (list, web, chart, etc.) to help separate the information that you are collecting.  Please note that your rough notes will be handed in with your final product.  Please be sure to document where you got all information (for example: write down the addresses of websites, the publishing information of books).

3.  Create a PowerPoint presentation on your region that focuses on the 5 key areas above and answers the key questions above (computer lab time will be given).

4.  Prepare an oral presentation to accompany your team's power point presentation.  Your group must be practiced, speak clearly and loudly, and maintain eye contact.  All group members must participate in both aspects of the team challenge.

 

Assessment:

Your team will be assessed using the following rubric:

  Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1
Graphic Organizer Organizer is not complete Organizer is completed including 2 or less details under each heading Organizer is completed including at least 3 details under each heading Organizer is completed including at least 5 details under each heading
Format of Power point Show Slide show includes less than 4 slides Slide show includes 5 slides with out illustrations or text on each slide Slide show includes six slides without illustrations or text on each slide Slide Show includes six or more slides with illustrations and text on each slide
Content of Power point Show Facts are not accurate or illustrations are unappealing Facts are sometimes accurate and illustrations are fair Facts are mostly accurate and illustrations are appealing Facts are accurate and illustrations are interesting and appealing
Teamwork Team did not work together or demonstrate good effort Team worked together with some members demonstrating good effort Team worked together with most members demonstrating good effort Team worked together fairly with all members demonstrating good effort

 

Conclusion:

Native Americans were truly the first survivors. They created everything needed to survive in the regions where they lived. Shelter was built to suit the climate. Food was grown or hunted dependent on the climate and region. Clothes were created from materials and animals from their environment. Every tribe had different cultures and impacted their region in different ways.

How were the different regions alike? How were they different? Which region do you think survival was easiest? Most difficult? If you could travel back in time, in which region would you choose to survive and why?

 

Sources:

Eastern Woodlands

Eastern Woodlands Folk Tales

http://whttp://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/MclMyth.
htmlww.merceronline.com/Native/native05.htm

http://www.americanfolklore.net/ee.html#2

Eastern Woodland Native Americans Overview 

http://web.archive.org/web/20041010233725/www.
germantown.k12.il.us/indians/woodland2.html

 

Eastern Woodlands Native Americans

 http://sophia.smith.edu/~abloomga/2002/woodlands/
nativeAmericans.html

Eastern Woodlands Art 

http://library.thinkquest.org/J0110072/crafts/easterncrafts.htm

Iroquois Indians

http://nativetech.org/scenes/index.html

Northeast Native Americans 

 
www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/settlements/regions/northeast.html

Northwest

Pacific Northwest Native Americans Overview
http://inkido.indiana.edu/w310work/romac/nwindian.htm

Totem Poles
http://www.virtualmuseum.ca/Exhibitions/Haida/java/english/totem/

Pacific Northwest Culture 
http://www.ahsd25.k12.il.us/Curriculum%20Info/
NativeAmericans/NW.html

Peoples of the Northwest 
http://www.nhusd.k12.ca.us/ALVE/wow/Northwest%20Cultures/northwest.htm

Legends of the Northwest     
http://www.eldrbarry.net/rabb/rvn/rvn.htm

http://www.eldrbarry.net/rabb/rvn/raven.htm 

Northwest Pacific Native Americans
http://web.archive.org/web/20041010231201/www.
germantown.k12.il.us/indians/northwest.html


Northwest Native American
http://oregonpioneers.com/indian.htm

 

 

Southwest

Southwest Native Americans 
http://inkido.indiana.edu/w310work/romac/swest.htm

http://web.archive.org/web/20041010233017/www.germantown.
k12.il.us/indians/southwest.html

Southwest Folk Tale
http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/zuni/zft/

http://www.thewildwest.org/interface/index.php?action=207

http://www.merceronline.com/Native/native06.htm

http://www.greatdreams.com/apache/Apache-Creation-Story.htm

Southwest Native American Culture
http://www.ahsd25.k12.il.us/Curriculum%20Info/NativeAmericans/SW.html

Southwest  Shelters
http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/settlements/regions/southwest.html

Navajo Code Talker 
http://www.lapahie.com/NavajoCodeTalker.cfm

Native Americans in the Southwest
http://www.nhusd.k12.ca.us/ALVE/NativeAmerhome.html/nativeamhome.html


Navajo Art 
http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/crafts/southwestcrafts.htm

 

Plains

Plains Native American Culture 
http://www.ahsd25.k12.il.us/Curriculum%20Info/NativeAmericans/plains.html

Plains Native American Art  
http://www.mce.k12tn.net/indians/crafts/plainscrafts.htm

History of the Plains Native Americans 
http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/settlements/regions/plains.html

Plains Native American Overview 
http://inkido.indiana.edu/w310work/romac/plains.html

Plains Native Americans Customs & Religion
http://www.americanfolklore.net/ee.html#2

http://web.archive.org/web/20050113075020/
www.germantown.k12.il.us/indians/plains.html

Plains Folktales
http://www.cowboyfun.com/buffalodance/

http://portfolio.educ.kent.edu/mcclellandr/zackthezipper/greatplains.htm

http://www.ocbtracker.com/ladypixel/legend.html

http://whttp://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/MclMyth.
htmlww.merceronline.com/Native/native05.htm

Native Americans on the Plains
http://www.nhusd.k12.ca.us/ALVE/NativeAmerhome.html/
Cheyenne/cheyenne.html